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Seed Library at the Milwaukee Area Technical College: Current Seed Inventory

Current Seed Inventory

MATC Student Horticulture Club Spring Plant Sale! Saturday, May 11. Opens at 9a. Closes at 3p. Cash or Check Only.

5555 Highland Rd, Mequon. East side of campus. Greenhouses.

 

Seed Library - Through Friday, May 10 - Five free mini seed packets per household. New seed varieties still added each week.

Place your Online Order here, for Mequon campus porch pickup within one business day. Or for delivery to any MATC campus library

You can also come on in the Mequon campus library, and obtain your seeds immediately.

Last pickup for all orders is 15 minutes before closing - Library Hours.

 

Note: This webpage is most easily navigated via a laptop or PC, rather than your phone.

-A collaboration between the MATC Landscape Horticulture Program and the MATC Mequon Campus Library.-

Beans & Peas

BE-43 Quincy Pinto Dry Bean

Item Details: Upright bush habit. Very high yielding pinto ideal for slow-cooking and canning. Large, medium- to late-maturing beans with delicious creamy flavor. The first pinto variety with genetic resistance to BCM and CTV, bred in collaboration with Washington State University. Susceptible to Rust. Speckled tan seeds. Grown for the mature bean seed. Open-Pollinated.

Instructions: Days to maturity are from direct seeding. Direct seed after all danger of frost has passed. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 75-95°F. Beans are particularly sensitive to cool soils and are prone to rot if temperatures are below 55°F. Beans only require average fertility and prefer pH in the 6.0 - 6.8 range. Choose well drained, warm soils and use inoculants to increase yields where natural Rhizobia populations are low. When possible, wait for dry conditions before handling plants.

Dry beans are harvested once in the fall, when plants are drying down. Avoid harvesting moldy pods. Storage: Dry further in cool, dry conditions prior to long-term storage. Beans are ready for storage when seed coat can not be dented by fingernail. Store beans in a cool dry place.

Planting Depth: 1-2”
Spacing in Row: 3"
Spacing Between Rows: 28-36"
Days to Maturity: 106>

BE-06 Panther Edamame Soybeans

 

Item Details: A soybean adapted to the Northeast. The elusive black panther, a rarity in the wilds of Asia, has reportedly extended its territory to Upstate New York. Its existence was confirmed at Stone Barns Center for Food and Agriculture by fearless farmer Jack Algiere. It was Jack, in fact, who kept this rare breed alive; it had disappeared from the wilds of the seed trade. He gifted a few precious specimens to us in 2010, and we've let it prowl around the Northeast for a while. Now it's your chance to give Panther a home in your own garden sanctuary.


These beans are bright green with a hint of purple when at the ripe green edamame stage, and then mature to deep black when dry. Any color in the fresh beans fades upon cooking. If you've never grown soybeans in your garden, it's worth a shot: in addition to fixing nitrogen and yielding tasty beans, the plants sport velvety green leaves that are very attractive.


Instructions: Sow after frost, once soil has warmed. Harvest the entire crop at once, when you see the first hint of yellow in the pods. Steam the whole batch and freeze any extra, shelled or left in the pod to shell after defrosted. Or serve with coarse salt and nibble to enjoy their unique nutty flavor while benefiting from their high protein content. Let some dry on the plants and collect the black soy beans to plant next season.


Days to Germination: 5-10 days
Days to Maturity: 100 days
Planting Depth: 1"
Spacing Between: 6-12"
Height at Maturity: 30-36"

Cole Crops

COL-28 DeCicco Broccoli


Item Details: Italian variety known for tender stalks and mild flavor. Reliable multi-cut variety that produces a compact, bluish-green central head followed by a prolific set of side shoots. Variable maturity results in a long harvest period for both central heads and side shoots. Excellent home garden variety and/or bunching variety. Heirloom


Instructions: Start indoors 4-6 weeks before planting date. Plant outside as soon as the chance of hard frost has passed. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 65-75°F, but broccoli will germinate as low as 50°F. Fall plantings can be direct seeded or transplanted in mid-summer. Although it will tolerate warmer temperatures, Broccoli will be grow best at temperatures in the 60°s, so plan your plantings around the temperatures in your area. Prefers a regular supply of water. Broccoli is shallow rooted. Be careful with even shallow cultivation.


Broccoli heads should be harvested while the heads are still tight. Check every 2-3 days since once heads have loosened, quality is quickly compromised. After the main head is harvested, some varieties produce side shoots with smaller heads. Regular harvesting of side shoots will encourage further growth. Cool broccoli immediately after harvest to retain quality. Store at 32°F for 1-2 weeks.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Start Indoors: 6-8 weeks before last frost
Days to Germination: 3-10
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing between Plants: 24"
Days to Maturity: 48
Head Size: 3-4"

COL-37 Daikon Radish


Item Details: Popular Japanese radish that can grow very large while remaining crisp and tender. Pure white roots with pale green shoulders when exposed to sun. Excellent for pickling, fermenting or storage. Winter radish stores well and develops large 2-6 lb roots and is open-pollinated.


Instructions: Daikon radishes are best sown in mid-to-late summer for a fall harvest. Thin to promote even-sized roots. Use a fork or lift roots carefully during harvest. Topped radishes store well for 3-4 weeks in the refrigerator.

 

Days to Germination: 5-7
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Seed Spacing: 1”
Spacing in Row: 4"
Spacing Between Rows: 8"
Height at Maturity: 24”

COL-07 French Breakfast Radish


Item Details: Eye-catching deep pink roots with bright white tips and excellent eating quality. A French classic with oblong, blunt-tipped shape and healthy radish spiciness. Try them raw with butter and salt, or butter poached with sourdough bread and fresh herbs. Harvest regularly; may become pithy if harvested late.


Instructions: Sow in the spring or fall and pick when small.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Ideal Temperature: 50-75 degrees
Frost Hardy: Yes
Days to Germination: 3-6
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 2-3"
Length: 2-3”
Plant Height: 8”
Days to Maturity: 20-30
 

Cucumbers & Squash

CU-65 Bushy Cucumber


Item Details: Produces bumper crops for fresh eating and pickling, with fruits seemingly growing overnight in peak season. A bush cucumber, this variety will take up only 2 or 3 square feet per plant. Introduced to American gardeners by Seed Savers Exchange in 1992, the variety originated in Russia, where its short vines (up to 5' long) and ease of growing made it perfect for dacha or second-home gardens near Moscow.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors in 12" diameter hills after the last frost when soil is warm. Space hills 6' apart in all directions. Can also be started indoors 2-4 weeks before the last frost for an earlier harvest. Cucumbers benefit from consistent moisture. Provide support for vines to save space.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 5-14
Planting Depth: 1” in 12” diameter hills
Spacing: 6’ apart in all directions
Plant/Thin: 6-8 seeds per hill. Thin to 3-4 plants
Days to Maturity: 45-50
Length at Maturity: Short vines grow to 5 feet

Photo Courtesy of Seed Library Patron - Brandi

CU-01 Lemon Cuke/Cucumber


Item Details: Looks like a lemon but tastes like a cucumber! Very productive plants and unusual, beautiful fruits. Perhaps created from an accidental cross or a freak mutation—or picked up by adventurous traveling seed savers—some of the most unusual heirlooms were saved because of their freak factor. This cuke looks like a lemon but tastes like a cucumber—a really good one! Though common in India, it is not often seen in American supermarkets. So: best to grow some yourself. Invite a little oddity into your garden and enjoy the tasty and bountiful results. This unusual cucumber dates back 1894. It is consistently productive and mild, and looks beautiful sliced into rounds.


Instructions: Direct sow 2 weeks after last frost, or sow indoors 2-4 weeks earlier and then transplant. Make at least 2 succession plantings of cucumbers to have high-quality fruit for harvest all season. Lemon Cukes are best harvested at lemon-size, though they stay good eating even when slightly larger. The more you harvest, the more the plant produces and the longer the period of yield for each plant.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Planting Depth: 3/4-1” in 12” diameter hills
Days to Germination: 5-10
Spacing: 36’ apart in all directions
Plant/Thin: 2-3 seeds per hill. Can thin to 2 plants
Days to Maturity: 65
Height at Maturity: 6"-8"
Length at Maturity: Best when picked lemon sized
Plant Spread at Maturity: 24"

CU-20 Table Queen Squash  
 
Item Details: Easy to grow winter squash with bush habit. Perfect for crisp fall days. First to ripen and doesn't store as long as other squashes, so it's ideal for transitioning from summer fare into fall meals. Roast or stuff. A fall staple. This open-pollinated acorn squash is perfect for crisp fall days. It's the first to ripen and doesn't store as long as other squashes, so it's perfect for transitioning from summer fare into fall meals. Traditional preparation includes roasting and stuffing. Plants are smaller than other winter squash types, making it a good choice for gardens with space limitations.

 

Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors in 12" diameter hills after danger of frost has passed. Hills should be spaced 6' apart in all directions. Can also be started indoors 3 weeks before transplanting out.

 

Sun Preference: Full Sun
Days to Maturity: 80-90
Planting Depth: 1"
Seeds to Hill: 6-8
Thin: to 3-4 plants
Weight at Maturity: 1lb
 

Grains

GR-09 Garnet Red Amaranth


Item Details: Large, beautiful plants with impressive red spires ideal for fresh bouquets. This versatile plant is a delicious microgreen, baby leaf green, and attractive flower that is sure to bring joy to the garden or dinner table. Heat tolerant, the plants can reach towering heights and will grow steadily through the summer weather. Dramatic plumes of deep red flowers are a striking addition to flower arrangements and fresh bouquets. These brilliant plants are a stand out in a garden setting. They’re a great cut annual flower with edible foliage, standing 6-8’ tall, and are open-pollinated.


Instructions: Amaranth are tender annuals that prefer full sun. Bloom time is from mid-summer into fall. Direct seed as soon as the chance of frost has passed and soil has warmed. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 70-75°F. Start transplants 2-4 weeks before planting date.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-10
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Seed Spacing: 3”
Spacing in Row: 9”-12”
Spacing Between Rows: 18”
Height at Maturity: 8’
Frost Hardy: N

GR-10 Golden Giant Amaranth
 
Item Details: Over time, humans have selected and reselected Amaranthus genus plants for edible grains, nutritious leaves, and colorful flowering heads. Whether grown for its massive, golden-bronze plumes or high yields of plentiful, nutrient-dense seeds (or both!). The vigorous plants can grow as high as 8' and are truly stunning to behold.


Instructions: Direct sow in the spring after threat of frost has passed in a sunny, well-drained spot. Thin seedlings to 6-10 inches apart. Amaranth tolerates fair fertility and dry conditions, but more fertility and moderate water will yield lusher and taller plants. Taller plants (up to 8'!) may require a bit of staking to keep them from flopping over. To harvest seed for grain, wait until the seeds are visible and the foliage begins to yellow slightly; then shake the seed heads into a container, or clip entire heads and hang to dry before threshing, cleaning and storing.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 5-10
Planting Depth: barely cover
Spacing in Row: 12"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Days to Maturity: 100
Height at Maturity: 72”
Width at Maturity: 15"
Support: Stake

Herbs

HE-22 Basil Bouquet


Item Details: The diversity of basil is a good example of how food culture has influenced backyard plant breeding. Pesto is a regional dish from Genoa, Italy. Genovese gardeners selected basil for the qualities they felt made the best pesto–especially the ability to pestare, or to pound, the leaves. Thai basils, on the other hand, were bred for their strong, rich aromas that did not diminish during stir-frying. Find a purpose for every basil in this mix, which also includes lemon, cinnamon, and purple basils.


Instructions: Direct sow after frost, or start indoors up to 1 month before last frost date. To have fresh basil the whole season, start in succession at 1-month intervals. Pinch off tallest growth in order to keep basil from flowering; flavor becomes too strong once in bloom. Good for garden or container plantings.


Days to Germination: 7 to 10 days
Days to Maturity: 60 days
Planting Depth: ¼”
Spacing in Row: 12"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Height at Maturity: 18" to 36"
Width at Maturity: 12" to 18"

HE-01 Genovese Basil


Item Details: Hundreds of years ago Genovese villagers collectively selected this basil for the qualities they felt made the best pesto: large thick deep green leaves on sturdy plants. In the spring of 2012, Habitat for Artists (HFA) took a donation of seeds from the Hudson Valley Seed Co. to the Town Hall Education Arts Recreation Campus (THEARC), a community center in Washington DC's 8th Ward, and started heirloom seeds for the community as part of a larger community arts project.


Instructions: Direct sow after last frost, or sow seeds indoors 4 weeks before last frost. Sow at monthly intervals until 60 days before first fall frost for quality leaves all season. Harvest often to prevent flowers from forming. To harvest, cut basil at the stem just above new leaf growth. Basil is very sensitive to the cold; harvest or protect plants if frost is imminent.

 

Days to Germination: 4-10
Planting Depth: 1/4"
Spacing in Row: 2"-24"
Days to Maturity: 68
Spacing Between Rows: 12"-24"
Height at Maturity: 12"-24"

HE-07 Thai Basil


Item Details: A distinctive basil we love in curries, stir-fries, and more. Though they are the same species, Thai basil and Italian basil have many differences. Thai basil is a more concentrated, spicy flavor, with smaller leaves on sturdy purple stems and a much more compact habit. The plants are highly ornamental, with deep purple flower buds that open in lavender. Widely adapted to a range growing conditions. Grows well in containers too.


Instructions:  Direct sow after frost, or start indoors up to 1 month before last frost date. To have fresh basil the whole season, start in succession at one-month intervals. Pinch off tallest growth in order to keep basil from flowering; flavor becomes too strong once in bloom. Good for garden or container plantings.

 

Days to Germination: 5-14 days
Days to Maturity: 65 days
Planting Depth: 1/4"
Spacing in Row: 12"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Height at Maturity: 12"

HE-50 Santo Cilantro


Item Details: Strongly aromatic and flavorful, with a flat, parsley-like leaf, and round seeds. The commercial standard for field bunching. Very bolt-resistant variety with good flavor and excellent upright habit for easy harvesting. Fast-growing variety great for cut-and-come-again.


Instructions: Cilantro is an easy-to-grow annual that prefers direct sun and is tolerant of cool conditions. Direct seed as soon as danger of hard frost has passed. Transplants can be started 4-6 weeks before planting date. Seed spring into summer for a continuous supply. 

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 1"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Plant Spacing After Thinning: 4”
Days to Maturity: 55 leaf; 95 seed
Height at Maturity: 12”

 

HE-30 Dill Bouquet


Item Details: Early to flower with large seed heads. Excellent in pickles and used to flavor many other foods. Easy to grow.


Instructions: Prefers well drained, poor soil for best flavor. Harvest leaves as needed, or cut entire plant when seeds have formed at the tops of the 3-4 foot tall plants. Often reseeds itself.

 

Sun Preference: 8-12 hours sun
Ideal Temperature: 55-75 F
Frost Hardy: Yes
Days to Germination: 7-21
Planting Depth: 1/8-1/4”
Plant Spacing: 2-4"
Days to Maturity: 45-55 to leaf harvest, 70-90 to seed harvest.
Height at Maturity: 3-4’
Flower Width: 6”

HE-21 Mammoth Long Island Dill

 

Item Details: Beyond its pungent flavor and culinary versatility, dill has a long history of medicinal use. Ancient Egyptians referred to dill as a soother; gladiators believed it imparted courage; churchgoers felt the seeds sparked alertness; and villagers considered dill a protective charm.  Originally named Long Island Dill, this tall billowing relative of Queen Anne's Lace and carrots is perfect for edible landscaping, container gardens and, well, pickles, of course! All parts of the plant—leaves, stems, flowers, and seeds—can be used to impart dill flavor to dishes. 

Instructions: Direct sow around last frost, or indoors before last frost and then transplant fairly quickly. Succession sow every 3-4 weeks for highest-quality fresh dill leaves all season. For use as a dry herb, harvest before the umbel (Latin for umbrella) flowers form.


Sun Preference: Full to Little Sun
Days to Germination: 7-21
Planting Depth: ¼-½"
Spacing in Row: 9-12”
Spacing Between Rows: 24"
Days to Maturity: 65
Height at Maturity: 24-36”
Width at Maturity: 12-18"

 

Natives

NAT-01 Little Bluestem

These seeds are sustainably sourced at Mequon Nature Preserve. We thank them for their community partnership in spreading local growing throughout our area.

 

Item Details: Perennial. A clump-forming shorter prairie grass that is good for erosion control. At one time grew in 45 states and was the most abundant grass in mid-America. Thick plants with slightly blue foliage, turn a striking copper/orange-red in the fall and are topped by fluffy silvery-white seed heads. Provides cover and food for birds. Little Blue Stem seedlings are incredibly resilient, so you’ll have plenty of newly established plantings in no time!

 

Instructions: Sow seeds indoors in warm soil in late winter or spring. Plant out after all danger of frost has passed. Seeds can also be directly sown into a weed-free seedbed in May or June. Plants grow best in well-drained sand and loam. Not recommended for clay soils. Don’t add fertilizer to your soil the first year. Especially fertilizer with nitrogen– it will encourage weeds to grow too!

 

Sun Preference: Sun/Partial Shade
Days to Germination: 14-20
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing between Plants: 24-36"
Days to Maturity: 75
Height at Maturity: 2-3’
Width at Maturity: 10"

NAT-16 Showy Goldenrod

These seeds are sustainably sourced at Mequon Nature Preserve. We thank them for their community partnership in spreading local growing throughout our area.

 

Item Details: Perennial. Pollinator. Erect, usually unbranched, reddish stems occur singly or in clusters. Small, yellow flowers occur in a compact, erect, pyramidal column. A stout stem, smooth below and rough above, bearing a dense, pyramidal or club-shaped, terminal cluster of small yellow flower heads. Tends to bloom a little later than most Goldenrods. For cut flowers, choose stems with flowers that have just opened. Strip the foliage that will fall below the water level, and place in water immediately.
 
All Goldenrods are an important fall nectar source for many pollinators including the Monarch butterfly, so it is unfortunate that these fall blooming natives are mistakenly blamed for hayfever. The pollen of Goldenrods is large and sticky which sticks to the bodies of visiting insects. Because of this, goldenrod pollen cannot become airborne and can never make its way into your sinuses. The true cause of hayfever is the wind pollinated ragweeds, which broadcast copious amounts of lightweight pollen into the air.
 
Instructions:
Seeds can be direct sown in the Fall, pressing into the surface of the soil since this plant needs light to germinate.. Otherwise best results come from a 30 day cold-moist stratification prior to planting. This is because native wildflowers, have a hard coating that helps protect the outer shell from breaking and sprouting too early.
 
Cold Stratification: 1) Soak your seeds for 1-2 hours. 2) Use a paper towel or coffee filter to drain the water. 3) Spread seeds out in a single layer on the paper towel. 3) Wrap a dry paper towel around the damp paper towel to help keep things moist but not too wet (which could become moldy). 4) Place in a ziploc bag and seal. 5) Label the variety and date clearly on the bag. 6) Place in the refrigerator for 60 days before planting. If seedlings start to sprout in the bag in the refrigerator, remove immediately and either plant in the ground or in pots until it’s time to plant outdoors.
 
After the seeds have been stratified, plant them into the soil by gently sprinkling them on the surface of soil and pressing them in firmly.  Then, lightly sprinkle soil on top of them so they are partially covered. It is best to water the area for one to two months after seeding. Seed may revert to dormancy if it does not receive rain or moisture within a certain number of days after planting. After established, prefers drier soil and tolerates drought well.
 

Sun Preference: Full to partial sun
Days to Germination: 45-60
Planting Depth: Pressed into surface of dirt
Spacing Between Rows: 2-3’
Height at Maturity: 1-5’

NAT-08 Indian Grass
These seeds are sustainably sourced at Mequon Nature Preserve. We thank them for their community partnership in spreading local growing throughout our area.

 

Item Details: Indian Grass is one of the first warm season grasses to form seeds and they are rich clusters of bronze colored seed. Golden stems and large seed heads provide ample color and texture to plantings and birds will enjoy the seeds come fall.  Plants are wind-pollinated. Indian Grass can be aggressive, spreading by rhizomes, so is not suited for very small landscapes. Different species of grasshoppers and caterpillars will feed on the blades of Indian Grass; in turn these insects are important food sources for upland game birds and songbirds, where they will also find ideal nesting habitat in stands of tall, clumping prairie grasses such as Indian Grass.


The bright yellow flowers contrast attractively with the blue-gray foliage. The grass stays low most of the year and then gets tall before blooming in early autumn. Works well on slopes to prevent erosion.
Instructions: For spring sowing, germination can be encouraged and will happen faster, if seeds are dry stratified. Or sow seed directly in fall. Division of older plants is difficult because of a dense, tangled root system. Don’t cut the grass back in first year of growth. If your garden is small, you may want to deadhead during the fall to prevent excess self-seeding.


Dry stratification is a seed pre-treatment in which the seed is subjected to cold temperatures. This simple treatment of keeping the seeds in cold, dry storage helps increase germination rates by imitating a natural winter dormant period. Store the seed in Ziploc bags in a refrigerator. Most warm season prairie grasses and wildflowers require only 30 to 60 days of dry stratification to break seed dormancy.

 

Sun Preference: Sun to partial shade
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 2-3’
After Germination Occurs: Is drought resistant
Height at Maturity: 4-6’. Maturity reached year two
Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: The awns are red/rust color
High Deer Resistance
Attracts Butterflies

NAT-05 Purple Prairie Clover
Scientific Name: Dalea purpurea

Item Details: Perennial. Attracts butterflies. Herbaceous plant is unbranched. A dense cylindrical spike of flowers top the plant. Flower spike is 1-2″ long and about half as wide. Each purple flower is about ¼” across, with 5 small petals and 5 golden anthers that protrude outward. These flowers bloom together as a flowery wreath at the bottom of the spike, which gradually moves upward at the season progresses. The blooming period occurs from early to mid-summer, and lasts about 1–1½ months. The root system consists of a stout taproot that runs deep into the ground. The seeds travel only a short distance from the mother plant when the cylindrical spikes are shaken by the wind. Excellent in a variety of plantings including rock gardens, sunny perennial borders, native plant gardens or naturalized prairie areas.

Instructions: Sow seeds indoors just beneath surface of soil. Transplant outdoors no later than August 1 to ensure good root development. Also easy to grow when direct seeded into a weed- free seedbed in mid-spring to early summer. Very drought tolerant once established.

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 10-20
Planting Depth: Just below surface
Spacing Between Rows: 12”
Height at Maturity: 1-3’
Plant Width at Maturity: 1’
Bloom Length/Width: 2”/1”

mequonnaturepreserve.org

NAT-17 Rosinweed

These seeds are sustainably sourced at Mequon Nature Preserve. We thank them for their community partnership in spreading local growing throughout our area.

 

Item Details: Perennial. Pollinator. Coarse and sunflower-like. Derives its common name from the resinous gummy sap exuded by broken/cut plant stems. Usually a shorter silphiums. Likes rocky or dry open woods, prairies and glades. It grows on erect, hairy stems sparsely clad with pairs of rough, stalkless, bristly, hairless to woolly, toothed to toothless, medium green leaves. Flowers resemble small sunflowers. Appear in mid-summer. The root system consists of a taproot and short rhizomes, which enable this plant to form clumps. Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun. Tolerates some light shade. Also tolerates some drought once established. Will grow in a variety of soils including sandy, loamy or clay ones. Plants may be slow to establish in the garden, particularly when grown from seed. 

 

Instructions: Seeds can be direct sown in the Fall, pressing into the surface of the soil since this plant needs light to germinate.. Otherwise best results come from a 30 day cold-moist stratification prior to planting. This is because native wildflowers, have a hard coating that helps protect the outer shell from breaking and sprouting too early.

 

Cold Stratification: 1) Soak your seeds for 1-2 hours. 2) Use a paper towel or coffee filter to drain the water. 3) Spread seeds out in a single layer on the paper towel. 3) Wrap a dry paper towel around the damp paper towel to help keep things moist but not too wet (which could become moldy). 4) Place in a ziploc bag and seal. 5) Label the variety and date clearly on the bag. 6) Place in the refrigerator for 30 days before planting. If seedlings start to sprout in the bag in the refrigerator, remove immediately and either plant in the ground or in pots until it’s time to plant outdoors. After the seeds have been stratified, plant them into the soil by gently sprinkling them on the surface of soil and pressing them in firmly.  Then, lightly sprinkle soil on top of them so they are partially covered.

 

It is best to water the area for one to two months after seeding. Seed may revert to dormancy if it does not receive rain or moisture within a certain number of days after planting. After established, prefers drier soil and tolerates drought well. Downy mildew, leaf spots and rust may occur. Plants develop taproots. Once established, division is not recommended.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Planting Depth: Pressed into surface of dirt
Spacing Between Rows: 2-3’
Height at Maturity: 2-6’
Plant Spread: 1-3’
Attracts: Birds, Butterflies

NAT-19 Snapdragon Mix


Item Details: A pastel spectrum perfect for bouquets. Tired of circular flowers? You've found the right blooms. The puffed, squarish, hinged blossoms of snapdragons line short spires that reach vertically in sometimes straight, sometimes corkscrewed ways. Up close, the flowers resemble a dragon head, ready to snap at any moment. Above these brightly colored towers, another guardian of the garden, the dragonfly, can often be found patrolling for incoming insects. For centuries, gardeners have taken advantage of the imposing appearance of snapdragons to ward off evil spirits—even to guard castle gates.


Snapdragons are a late-blooming annual, bringing fresh, beautiful color to the late summer and early fall garden. They make an elegant cut flower, and the seed pods are surprisingly interesting, too—they resemble little skulls.


Instructions: Start indoors 8 weeks before last frost. Sow 3-5 seeds per pot, slightly pressing them into the soil to keep them from washing away. Once seedlings have sprouted, thin out the weakest, leaving one per pot. Transplant outdoors in fertile, well-drained soil. Semi-hardy plants will continue to grow and bloom beyond the first fall frost.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 5-10
Planting Depth: 0”
Spacing in Row: 12"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Days to Maturity: 90
Height at Maturity: 24”
Width at Maturity: 18"

NAT-09 Sweet Joe Pye Weed

 

These seeds are sustainably sourced at Mequon Nature Preserve. We thank them for their community partnership in spreading local growing throughout our area.

 

Item Details: A butterfly magnet. A herbaceous perennial plant in the sunflower family. It is native to eastern and central North America. It is a clump-forming herb that grows to 5-8 ft tall and about 4 ft wide. Plants are found in full sun to part shade in mesic to wet soils. Stems are upright, thick, round, and purple, with whorls of leaves at each node. As the plant begins to bloom the stems often bend downward under the weight of the flowers. The leaves grow to 12 in long and have a somewhat wrinkled texture. The purplish flowers are produced in large loose, convex shaped compound corymbiform arrays. Plants bloom mid to late summer and attract much activity from insects that feed on the nectar produced by the flowers.

 

Instructions: Lightly press seeds into the surface of the soil since in fall or late spring germination is naturally slow and might take 2-3 months before first leaves are noticeable. Best planted on 24 in centers as they will eventually form large clumps.

 

Older plants can be divided and replanted in the early spring as new growth starts or fall. When the center dies out of Joe-pye weeds in the garden, then it’s time for division. You need to dig up the entire clump, cutting away and discarding the dead center material. You can then replant the divided clumps. Plants die back to the ground in late fall. This dead growth can be cut back or left over winter and cut in spring.

 

Sun Preference: Sun/Partial Shade
Planting Depth: Surface
Spacing between Plants: 24”
Time to Germination: 2-3 months for first leaves
Blooms: July - September
Height at Maturity: 4-7’

 

mequonnaturepreserve.org

NAT-11 Yellow/Gray-headed Coneflower

We love this community partnership between the MATC Seed Library and Mequon Nature Preserve. Connection and growth!


Item Details: Perennial. Attracts butterflies. Member of the daisy family. Summer-long bloomer with large yellow flowers that have drooping petals. Gray-head Coneflower flowers surround a brown seed head that birds eat from if plants are left standing. It is good for erosion control, looks good in mass plantings or in prairie plantings. Naturalizes easily.


Grows up right and may be a meter or more in height. The slender, grooved stems have fine, upward pointing hairs, and may branch with a flower on top of each stem. The flowers may have between 5 to 10 petals that droop down toward the stem with a distinct “cone” in the center. 


Instructions: Seeds can be direct sown in the Fall. Otherwise best results come from a 30 day cold-moist stratification prior to planting. This is because native wildflowers have a hard coating that helps protect the outer shell from breaking and sprouting too early.


Cold Stratification: 1) Soak your seeds for 1-2 hours. 2) Use a paper towel or coffee filter to drain the water. 3) Spread the seeds out in a single layer on the paper towel. 3) Wrap a dry paper towel around the damp paper towel to help keep things moist but not too wet (which could become moldy). 4) Place in a ziploc bag and seal. 5) Label the variety and date clearly on the bag. 6) Place in the refrigerator for 1 month before planting. If seedlings start to sprout in the bag in the refrigerator, remove immediately and either plant in the ground or in pots until it’s time to plant outdoors.


After the seeds have been stratified, plant them into the soil by gently sprinkling them on the surface of soil and pressing them in firmly.  Then, lightly sprinkle soil on top of them so they are partially covered. It is best to water the area for one to two months after seeding. Seed may revert to dormancy if it does not receive rain or moisture within a certain number of days after planting.


Deadhead to prolong blooming. But be sure to leave some seed heads to ripen as Prairie Coneflower are good plants for naturalizing, and reseed themselves when happy. Leave them standing over the winter months to provide a source of seed for seed eating songbirds. 

 

Sun Preference: Full to partial sun
Days to Germination: 30
Planting Depth: Surface to light dusting of dirt on top
Height at Maturity: 36-60”
Plant Width at Maturity: 24-36" 
Bloom Width: 2-3”
Cut Back: Early Spring. 1-2” above the ground

Onions & Leeks

  

ONI-10 Leek - Kindly donated by Gretchen

 

Wisconsin Horticulture - Division of Extension - Discussion on Leeks

 

Item Details: Sometimes called “the gourmet’s onion” are related to onions and garlic but have flat leaves instead of tubular and relatively little bulb development. They’re easy to grow and delicious with a taste all their own, very much like a mild onion. The thick leaf bases and slightly developed bulb look like a giant green onion and are eaten as a cooked vegetable. Leeks are not as popular in the United States as they are in Europe, where they are known as “poor man’s asparagus.


Instructions: Can start indoors 4-8 weeks before last frost. Transplant as soon as soil can be worked in spring. Hill or mound soil around stems several times to blanch as leeks grow.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 5-7
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 6"
Spacing Between Rows: 12-24"
Days to Maturity: 110-135 from transplant
Height at Maturity: Stalks grow to 3’

ONI-11 Walla Walla Onion


Item Details: Large, round bulbs boast sweet, mild, juicy flesh. Famous for its mild flavor, this long-day sweet onion is the only northern onion ever to match the quality of the popular Vidalia types. Well-grown bulbs can reach 2 pounds apiece and will store 2-3 months


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors in flats ¼" deep and space 1" in all directions. Transplant outdoors as soon as soil can be worked in spring. Keep onions well weeded with shallow cultivation.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 4-10
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Indoor Spacing: 1”
Outdoor Spacing: 4-6”
Days to Maturity: 90
 

Pollinators

POL-56 Black Beauty Poppy


Item Details: The poppy that looks like a gorgeous peony! With a combination of double flowers and single petal blooms with dark velvety burgundy color. Black Beauty is a stunning eye-catcher unlike any poppy you've ever seen. And like all poppies it's easy to grow, needs minimal care, and will re-seed itself.


Instructions: Prefers full sun and well-drained sandy soils with low fertility. Use in beds, borders or as a wildflower. Direct seed in fall for early summer blooms the next year or in early spring for late summer blooms same year. Transplants can be started 4-6 weeks before planting date but best results are from direct seeding. Scatter seeds and cover lightly, then thin to 6" apart. Prefers poor, well-drained soil and full sun.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 14-21
Planting Depth: 1/4” 
Spacing in Row: 2"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Days to Maturity: 78
Height at Maturity: 3-4’
 

POL-58 Whirlygig Mix Zinnia Flower


Item Details: When one color won't do, these bicolor blossoms step in and stay put the blooms will last most of the summer. This vibrant mix is loved by butterflies, bees, and other beneficial insects and is also easy to grow. Performs well in borders and in arrangements.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors after last frost. Zinnias prefer well-drained average soil. Water regularly, keeping leaves dry. Remove spent blossoms frequently to prolong blooming.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 5-24
Planting Depth: 1/8”
Spacing in Row: 8"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Days to Maturity: 75
Height at Maturity: 24”
Frost Hardy: N

Carrots & Beets

CAR-17 Brilliant Beet Blend


Item Details: Fodder, Faberge, and the Digital Age - In the early 1900s, Pavel Ivanovich Kharitonenko was known as "The Sugar King." He lorded over the Russian agriculture scene with his considerable riches, garnered from his involvement in the sugar beet industry. What did this baron with impeccable taste do with his beet-based wealth? He collected the work of famed jeweler Peter Carl Faberge, creator of the world-renowned "Faberge Eggs." The artwork on this pack digitally re-imagines the natural jewel-like brilliance of beets as priceless decorative objects, transforming the humble root from fodder to Faberge and then into the digital age. Grow your own deliciously lavish jewels with this brilliant blend of colorful beets.


Contains Detroit Dark Red, Cylindra, Bulls Blood, Chioggia, and Golden Detroit beets.


Instructions: Direct sow starting 1-2 weeks before last frost and continue until 8-10 weeks before first fall frost. Beets prefer fertile, weed-free soil for formation of large roots. Thin young seedlings to every 2", then pull out every other beet to enjoy at the baby stage, leaving the remainder to grow to full size. Leave later sowings in the ground for harvest through November, then pull and store.

 

Sun Preference: Full Sun
Days to Maturity: 55
Planting Depth: ¾"
Spacing in Row: 4"
Spacing Between Rows: 18"
Height at Maturity: 12"
Width at Maturity: 6"

https://www.seedsavers.org/site/img/seo-images/0357C-danvers-carrot.jpg

CAR-05   Danvers Carrot


Item Details: This carrot was developed in the late 1800s in the town for which is it named: Danvers, Massachusetts. A leading variety for home and market gardeners alike, this variety stores well and produces high yields even in clay and heavy soils. Its bright-orange flesh is nearly coreless, sweet, and tender. There are about 21k seeds in an ounce of Danvers carrot.


Instructions: You can sow carrot seeds as soon as the soil in your garden can be worked in the spring (about 3-4 weeks before the last frost). Seeds need consistent moisture until they emerge. Germination on carrot seed is slow and uneven. The light seed can be blown away by the wind or washed away when you water the beds. Thin after they grow to a few inches.

 

Days to Maturity: 65-87
Planting Depth: 1/4"
Spacing in Row: 1/2", thin 2-4" apart
Spacing Between Rows: 16-24”
Days to Germination: slow and uneven germination
Length at Maturity: 8”
 

CAR-32 Scarlet Nantes Carrots


Item Details: Also known as Early Coreless, this variety stores well and adapts well to different conditions. Its cylindrical roots are 7" long with blunt tips, and its fine-grained, bright red-orange flesh is nearly coreless, offering great flavor that’s sweet and crisp. Good when used as baby carrots, and excellent for freezing and juicing. Dating to the 1850s, the variety was developed in France by the seed company Vilmorin-Andrieux.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors 3-4 weeks before last spring frost, or as soon as soil can be worked. Keeping soil moist throughout the germination period is important to success. Misting the planted area daily or covering is recommended. Carrots are slow to germinate and need steady moisture until germination. Sow successively throughout the season for fresh carrots.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 3-4 weeks
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 8"
Spacing Between Rows: 16-24”
Days to Maturity: 65-75
 

Corn

COR-16 Doug’s Bicolor SWEET Corn


Item Details: This bicolor sweet corn was grown right in Cedarburg, by great gardener - Doug. Enjoy!


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. For good pollination and full ears, plant in blocks of 3-6 rows instead of one long row. Corn is a heavy feeder and does best in well-drained fertile soil with plenty of water.


Many critters love to munch on corn, including rodents and, most notoriously, raccoons. Avoid growing corn near chicken coops or pest attractants, and be sure to surround your garden with a good critter fence.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun                
Days to Germination: 4-21
Planting Depth: 1”
Spacing in Block: 12"
Days to Maturity: 88-92
Height at Maturity: 6-8’?
Ear length at Maturity: 7-8”?
Support: Once 5’ or so, in case of high winds, stake, twine

COR-17 Doug’s Poppin’ Good Popcorn


Item Details: This popcorn was grown right in Cedarburg, by great gardener - Doug. Enjoy this local popcorn!

 

Popcorn (Z. m. everta) is a type of flint corn with a soft starchy center inside the very hard, slightly translucent kernel. When heated, moisture inside the kernel produces steam that creates enough pressure to explode the kernel inside out, with the starchy center extruded into a cooked, fluffy white mass. Pops most consistently if you freeze the kernels first then throw them directly into a kettle with hot oil.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors after the danger of frost has passed. For good pollination and full ears, plant in blocks of 3-6 rows instead of one long row. Thin seedlings to 8" apart. Corn is a heavy feeder and does best in well-drained fertile soil with plenty of water. 


Some years corn needs very little attention, but in dry years it will need irrigating. It thrives during the summers when subtropical weather settles in for a couple months. Many critters love to munch on corn, including rodents and, most notoriously, raccoons. Avoid growing corn near chicken coops or pest attractants, and be sure to surround your garden with a good critter fence.


Allow ears to mature and dry on the stalk. When dry, husk and remove kernels from cob. For best popping results, freeze the dry kernels before popping the traditional way, on the stove top.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 4-21
Planting Depth: 1”
Spacing in Row: 4"
Spacing Between Rows: 36-48"
Days to Maturity: 70-80
Height at Maturity: 4-5’?
Support: Stake

Edible Flowers & Seeds

EDI-15 Irish Eyes Sunflower


Item Details: A favorite Heritage Farm sunflower. Dwarf plants loaded with multiple blooms that have pointed golden petals and green centers. One of the best for container gardening and cutting. Plants grow 24-30" tall.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors after last frost. Sunflowers prefer full sun to light shade and well-drained rich soil. Provide support for tall plants.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun to light shade
Days to Germination: 10-14
Planting Depth: 1/2”
Spacing in Row: 6"
Spacing Between Rows: 24-36"
Days to Maturity: 60
Height at Maturity: 24-30”

Lettuce & Greens

GRE-41 Astro Arugula


Item Details: A spicy, cold-hardy salad green producing many leaves for “cut and come again” harvest. Long, dark green leaves with deeply cut lobes are very nutritious.


Instructions: Hardy annual. Direct seed as soon as soil can be worked. Baby leaf: seed 60 seeds/ft in 2-4” bands, ¾” between bands. Full-size: see planting instructions. Best grown in early spring and late summer/fall. Will bolt in hot weather. Sow every 3 weeks for a continuous harvest.

 

Days to Germination: 5-10
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 10 seeds/ft
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Days to Maturity: 21 baby, 40 full size
Height at Maturity: 18”

https://www.seedsavers.org/site/img/seo-images/1612-ole-timey-blue-collard-organic.jpg

GRE-17 Old Timey Blue Collard
 

Item Details: Donated to SSE in 1989 by Ralph Blackwell of Alabama. Ralph's family grew this variety for over a hundred years and his mother used it to make a dish similar to sauerkraut. Plants grow blue-green leaves and purple stems/veins. Very good eating qualities.
 

Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep. Plant out just before the last frost. Can also be direct seeded outdoors 3 months before fall frost. Collards are most tender and delicious after a frost. Harvest may continue even after snow.

 

Start Indoors: 6-8 weeks before last frost
Days to Germination: 3 to 10
Planting Depth: 1/4"
Spacing in Row: 24"
Height at Maturity: 24"
Days to Maturity: 60 to 80

GRE-82 Green Wave Mustard Greens


Item Details: Bright lime green, ruffled leaves add great contrast to salad mixes.
A reliable workhorse mustard, with beautiful color and spicy flavor that mellows when cooked. At baby stage leaves are flat with softly serrated edges. At full size, leaf margins become heavily serrated and frilly.


Instructions: Mustard greens are hardy brassicas that prefer full sun and fertile soils. Direct sow seed as soon as soil can be worked or start transplants 4-6 weeks before planting date. Excellent producer with heat tolerance. Sow every 3 weeks into fall for a continuous harvest. 

 

Days to Germination: 7-10
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 2"
Spacing Between Rows: 24"
Days to Maturity: 21 baby, 45 full-size
Height at Maturity: 18”
 

GRE-42 Peking Ta Ching Kou Pai Tsai Asian Green


Item Details: This prolific, easy-to-grow Asian green is one of Seed Savers Exchange advisor David Cavagnaro’s favorites from his time as SSE’s farm manager. The greens can be prepared like any other brassica greens, such as collards and kale. Growing to more than three feet tall, this variety bears lovely, large purple leaves that have an ornamental quality as well as great taste. 


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors after danger of frost has passed to prevent premature flowering. Can also be planted in late summer for a fall crop. Seeds will germinate in 4-7 days. Plant in full sun to partial shade.


Patron Comments: “The Asian Greens are my new favorite. They were an early producer and tasty in salads, soups, Ma Po Tofu, and anything else that calls for spinach or kale. I let a few plants continue to grow and go to seed. There are even some volunteers coming up for a fall harvest!” From Ann - Thiensville, 2020.

 

Days to Germination: 4 to 7 days
Days to Maturity: 45 days
Planting Depth: 1/4"
Spacing in Row: 1", thin to 6"-12"
Spacing Between Rows: 18"
 

GRE-15 Tatsoi Asian Greens


Item Details: Mild, fast-growing Asian green. Over the centuries, East Asian gardeners have selected dozens of varieties of unique and highly useful brassicas. From bulging Chinese cabbages to bulbous Bok Choys to frilly Mizunas, it's hard to believe that all these diverse habits and colors are part of the same species. Tatsoi is one of our favorites. The lovely low-growing rosettes of deep green leaves proclaim this plant's nutrient density. Raw or cooked, its delicate flavor and tender texture belie an inner resilience: it heartily survives the cold, thriving into late fall and winter. 
On top of all that, Tatsoi grows quickly. Once you've discovered its charms, your garden will never be without it.


Instructions: Sow indoors beginning 8-10 weeks before last frost, or direct sow beginning 3-4 weeks before last frost. Can be sown straight through until September, though spring sowings can bolt early and be taken by flea beetles; consider using row cover. Sow more densely than indicated for baby clippings. Harvest whole head—not an ideal cut-and-come-again green. Superb in fall and winter. It lasts well into the colder months and can be grown successfully all winter with protection. 

 

Sun Preference: Full to little Sun
Days to Germination: 5-14
Planting Depth: 1/4-1/2”
Spacing in Row: 6"
Spacing Between Rows: 18"
Days to Maturity: 50
Height at Maturity: 8-12”
Width at Maturity: 8-16"
Days to Maturity: 21-28 for baby greens; 45 to full maturity

GRE-39 Asian Tendergreen Komatsuna


Item Details: Also known as Mustard Spinach, Japanese Spinach, or Tendergreen. As silky and sweet as spinach, but easier to grow. Stages of the crop: young, flowering, gone to seed. You can reproduce this full spectrum scene in your own garden by letting some plants live on without the interruption of harvest: they will flower and go to seed self-sowing a second generation for delicious fall greens.


Komatsuna is one of our favorite Asian greens. You can plant it from early spring through fall and eat the leaves, stems, and even flower heads; it survives the winter happily in an unheated tunnel or under row cover. You can use the leaves fresh when young. Wilt or braise when more mature for an unbeatably tender, melting, bright-green, sweet mild mustardy treat! Delicious, highly nutritious (plenty of calcium), and a beautiful, light-green, shiny addition to any garden.


Instructions: Sow under protection 4-6 weeks before last frost and transplant 3 weeks before last frost. Succession sow July-August; fall crops are most successful. Spring-sown crops must be harvested young to beat bolting; they also may need row cover to protect against flea beetle damage. Will overwinter with protection and give delicious greens through January at least. Grows very quickly and is usually ready for harvest in about 6 weeks.

 

Sun Preference: Full to little sun
Days to Germination: 5-10
Planting Depth: 1/2”
Spacing in Row: 4"
Spacing Between Rows: 10"
Days to Maturity: 35-48
Height at Maturity: 10”
Width at Maturity: 6"

GRE-93 Parris Island Romaine Lettuce


Item Details: Fast-growing multi-purpose lettuce for baby leaf or full size heads. Baby leaves size up quickly for salad mixes while the upright, uniform grey-green heads have nicely savoyed leaves. Medium-slow to bolt.


Instructions: Grows best in cool temperatures and can bolt during hot weather. Days to maturity are from direct seeding. Baby leef: 60 seeds/ft in 2” bands with ¾” between bands. Full-size: see instructions below. Sow every three weeks from spring through late summer for a continuous supply. 

 

Days to Germination: 7-10
Planting Depth: 1/8”
Spacing in Row: 1"
Spacing Between Rows: 12"
Plant Spacing After Thinning: 8-10”
Days to Maturity: 75
Height at Maturity: 12”
 

GRE-16 Backlund Bly Orach


Item Details: Green Orach.grows up to 5' tall with light green leaves. Slow to bolt heirloom from Norway. In family 4 generations. This variety comes from Mark Walker and Kathy Kapitan, seed savers who have listed in the SSE Yearbook Exchange since 1996. They received this orach from Marks uncle, Gib Backlund, who obtained it from his father-in-law, George Bly. George's parents, Haldor and Ingeliv (Sekse) Bly, brought the orach to the U.S. when they emigrated from Norway to Minnesota in 1888. Heritage Farm Collection Variety in 2017.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors 2-3 weeks after the last frost. Harvest leaves that are 4-6" tall, harvest continually and make successive plantings. Best harvested when plant is between 6" and 2' tall. Self-sows in the garden.

 

Days to Germination: 7-10
Planting Depth: 1/2”
Spacing in Row: 2", thin to 6-8” apart
Days to Maturity: 50-55
Height at Maturity: Up to 5’
 

GRE-88 Purple Orach from Alice's Garden Patch - Kindly donated by Victoria


Item Details: Also known as Mountain spinach, French spinach, Giant Lambs quarters. Touted as a warm-season alternative to spinach, orach is actually a cool-season plant that just doesn't go to seed (bolt) as quickly as spinach. Harvest leaves that are less-bitter than spinach into the summer. Purple varieties in particular make good ornamental plants, though can reach 4 to 6 feet tall.


Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors 2-3 weeks after the last frost. Harvest leaves that are 4-6" tall, harvest continually and make successive plantings. Best harvested when plant is between 6" and 2' tall. Self-sows in the garden.

 

Days to Germination: 7-10
Planting Depth: 1/2”
Spacing in Row: 2", thin to 6-8” apart
Days to Maturity: 45-50
Height at Maturity: 4-6’
 

GRE-84 Watercress


Item Details: This refreshing green crop has deep, peppery undertones. Serves as a lovely spring tonic. Perennial. Excels in containers. Direct sow. 


Instructions: Surface sow in spring when temperatures are consistently above 45 degrees F. Once plants are established, thin to indicated spacing. For home growers, watercress is most easily grown in containers filled with quality compost, in a shady spot, with a deep tray filled with water under. Change water weekly and harvest frequently.

 

Sun Preference: Full to partial sun
Days to Germination: 5-15
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 4"
Spacing Between Rows: 4"
Days to Maturity: 45
Height at Maturity: 18”

Melons

MEL-07 Emerald Gem Melon


Item Details: Introduced by W. Atlee Burpee in 1886 from seed sent by William Voorhees of Benzie County, Michigan. The most popular melon of that period, hailed as “altogether unapproached in delicious flavor and luscious beyond description.” Pale orange rich juicy flesh is sweet and somewhat spicy in flavor. Heavy producer, 2-3 pound fruits.


Instructions: Melons love heat. Sow seeds outdoors in 12" diameter hills after danger of frost has passed and soil has warmed. Space hills 6' apart in all directions. Seeds will germinate in 4-10 days. Can also be started indoors 2-3 weeks before last frost.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Seeds to Hill: 6-8
Days to Germination: 4-10
Planting Depth: 1”
Spacing Between Rows in Hills: 6"
Days to Maturity: 70-90
Weight at Maturity: 2-3lb
 

Okra

OK-04 Clemson Spineless Okra


Item Details: A beautiful plant with plucky pods. Okra is outrageously beautiful. Its hibiscus-like flowers and broad leaves provide a tropical feel to the garden. The edible pods are terrific when harvested young and prepared properly. Many displaced southerners pine for the flavor and silky texture of a well-made okra dish; those who do not know its charms from youth are generally slow to embrace it. But do try. The plants are so beautiful you will not regret growing them.


An All America Selections winner in 1939, that was introduced by Clemson University. Still the most popular open-pollinated variety on the market. Exceptionally uniform, deep green ribbed and spineless pods. Excellent quality. This variety will grow well in most regions of the United States but does not tolerate cold well


Instructions: Cold sensitive. Okra is extremely intolerant of cold. Start indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost and transplant outdoors after all threat of frost has passed, and soil has warmed. Tolerant of heat and drought, but not of cold. Some gardeners give okra a heat boost by covering it with row cover until it produces flowers. Okra can thrive in moderate soils. Keep watered, but allow to dry out between waterings. Harvest pods while still tender, up to 5-6" in length. Keep well picked for higher yields.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Planting Depth: 1/4-1/2”
Days to Germination: 7-14
Spacing in Row: 12-24"
Days to Maturity: 55-64
Height at Maturity: 3-4’
Pod Length at Maturity: 3-5”

https://www.seedsavers.org/site/img/seo-images/0643-star-of-david-okra-organic.jpg

OK-02 Star of David Okra

Item Details: aka Old Fashioned Okra. Purple coloration on leaves and thick pods. Cross-sections of pods look like the Star of David, giving this variety its name. Like many okra varieties, this plant bears beautiful flowers and foliage that could warrant a place in the ornamental border.

Instructions: Sow seeds outdoors when the soil has warmed. Tolerant of heat and drought, but not of cold. Keep well picked for higher yields. Pods are best picked at about 3" long.

Days to Maturity: 60-75
Planting Depth: 1/2"
Spacing in Row: 2", thin to 6-8" apart
Height at Maturity: plants reach 7' tall
Pod Length at Maturity: 3”

Peppers

PEP-13 Lemon Drop Hot Pepper


Item Details: Peruvian pepper with flavorful bright heat. Collected in one of the vibrant farmers markets in Lima, the seeds of this unusual hot pepper found their way into the hands of William Woys Weaver and the Roughwood Seed gardens. According to Weaver, the bright lemon yellow color and waxy citrus-like texture of this pepper, originally known as Aji Lima, inspired name changes from Lima, to Liman, to Lemon Drop. With exceptional flavor and cayenne-range heat, this pepper spices a dish without overwhelming it and makes a striking yellow hot sauce.


Its habit is incredibly vigorous, forming big, tall, strongly upright plants that are naturally lush. Each plant tends to bear heavily (one plant is plenty for the home gardener!), its branches laden with dozens of small, waxy-skinned fruit that turn from light green in mid-season to golden yellow at ripeness. The flavor of each is exceptional: truly citrusy and suitable for spicing a dish without overwhelming it. If you like a bit of heat, one pepper is enough for a pot of chili; use more if you are a fiend.


Lemon Drop takes a few weeks longer to mature than your average garden pepper, but it's well worth the wait!


Instructions: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost in very warm spot (80 degrees is ideal). Keep seedlings in a well-ventilated place at 70+ degrees and do not over water. Transplant outdoors in full sun into rich, well drained soil after threat of frost has passed. Peppers can tolerate dryness and heat, but need moderate water to produce fruit and prefer to be watered at the base.

 

Days to Germination: 7-14 days
Days to Maturity: 100 from transplant
Planting Depth: ½"
Spacing in Row: 24"
Spacing Between Rows: 24"
Height at Maturity: 36"
Width at Maturity: 24"
Sun Preference: Full Sun

PEP-02 Matchbox Pepper


Item Details: Tiny, spicy peppers are beautiful on the bush and dried. Just like its namesake, this little pepper can light a big fire—in your mouth. Small fruits in dark greens, light greens, yellow greens, and reds completely cover the sprawling, low-growing, bushy plants, which have attractive, deep green, semi-glossy leaves. It only takes one match to light a fire, and just one of these little peppers will lend a fruity and flavorful heat to any dish. Like it hot? Two will crackle, three will smoke, and four will blaze!


This compact and decorative plant is a terrific option for container gardens. The plants are unbelievably pretty; their dozens of bright red fruit look outstanding against the profusion of tiny, slightly waxy leaves. Its thicker skin means that Matchbox does not dry as easily as Cayenne, but it will do fine in a dehydrator. A couple plants will keep you in chilies all season—or all year.


Instructions: Sow indoors 6-8 weeks before last frost, then transplant 3 weeks after last frost. Requires heat for germination. Transplant once weather has settled, usually 2 weeks after tomatoes have been transplanted (peppers will tolerate earlier transplanting but won't grow much).

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 10-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 18"
Spacing Between Rows: 36"
Days to Maturity: 75 from transplant
Height at Maturity: 30”
 

PEP-23 Maule’s Red Hot Pepper


Item Details: Introduced in 1903 by the William Henry Maule seed company of Philadelphia. Vivid red 10" long cayenne-type peppers are great for hot sauce or dried red pepper flakes. High yielding plants produce well even in northern areas.


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼” deep. Peppers germinate best in warm soil, so gentle bottom heat may be helpful until seedlings emerge. Wait to transplant outdoors until soil is warm.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 14 
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing In Rows: 12-24"
Days to Maturity: 80
Length at Maturity: 10”
 

PEP-27 Aurora Pepper


Item Details: Stunning 1½" long fruits borne on foot-high ornamental plants, perfect for container growing. Fruits ripen from lavender to deep purple to orange and finally to red. Medium hot.


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼” deep. Peppers germinate best in warm soil, so gentle bottom heat may be helpful until seedlings emerge. Wait to transplant outdoors until soil is warm.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing: 12-24”
Days to Maturity: 60-75
Height at Maturity: 1’
Frost Hardy: N
 

PEP-28 Bridge to Paris Pepper


Item Details: Plants are large (up to 36' in height) and loaded with big peppers. The flavor and texture are first-rate: extremely sweet when ripe, with thick bell pepper-like skin. A handful of plants will provide plenty of pepper flesh for fresh eating and freezing.


Instructions: Start indoors 8-10 weeks before last frost in very warm spot (80 degrees is ideal). Keep seedlings in a well-ventilated area at 70+ degrees and do not over water. Transplant outdoors into rich soil after threat of frost has passed. Grows to 30" high; may require staking to keep fruits off the ground. Harvest any time after pods begin to fill out; sweetest when deep red.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 10-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 18"
Spacing Between Rows: 36"
Days to Maturity: 88 from transplant
Height at Maturity: 30-40”
Support: Stake
 

PEP-18 Buran Pepper


Item Details: Sweet and productive Polish pepper. Bell fruits with 3 lobes. Sweet even when green, sure to be a favorite. Does well in dry areas.


Instructions: Start seeds indoors. Peppers germinate best in warm soil, so gentle bottom heat may be helpful until seedlings emerge. Wait to transplant outdoors until the soil is warm.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Start Indoors: 8 weeks before last frost
Days to Germination: 14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Plant Spacing: 12-24"
Days to Maturity: 90 from transplant
Height at Maturity: 24”
Fruit Size at Maturity: 4"

PEP-16 Sweet Chocolate Pepper


Item Details: Medium-sized, elongated, thick-walled fruit bear the color of chocolate as they ripen; they acquire a scarlet hue when fully ripe. Fruit are abundant on plants that are medium-tall in height. Flavor is sweet and texture is crunchy but, alas, they do not taste like chocolate. An excellent slicing pepper for salads, where its unique color creates plenty of interest.


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼” deep. Peppers germinate best in warm soil, so gentle bottom heat may be helpful until seedlings emerge. Wait to transplant outdoors until soil is warm. 

 

Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/2”
Spacing in Row: 18-24"
Spacing Between Rows: 24-48"
Days to Maturity: 85 from transplant
Height at Maturity: 36-42”
Width at Maturity: 18-24"
Support: Cage or stake

Tomatoes & Eggplant

TOM-43 Pingtung Long Eggplant


Item Details: This versatile variety matures earlier than most and is a perfect choice to use in an appetizer or side dish. A beautiful eggplant from Pingtung, Taiwan, with slender fruits with shiny, dark-lavender skin. Produces very well, even in very hot weather. Hardy, vigorous, and disease-resistant plants.


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors 8 weeks before last frost. Transplant outdoors once danger of frost has passed and soil is warm. Using landscape fabric or black plastic can accelerate growth and productivity in cooler climates.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing between Plants: 18-24"
Days to Maturity: 65-75 from transplant
Fruit Length at Maturity: 10-12"

TOM-51 Aunt Molly’s Ground Cherry 


Item Details: Easy-to-grow, prolific, and super-sweet, this ground cherry works well for preserves and pies, over ice cream, and in fresh-fruit salads—or can simply be eaten straight out of the garden. The plants have a sprawling habit and produce ½-¾" fruits encased in a papery husk that turns brown when the fruits ripen. This beloved variety takes its name from an ice cream stand, named not for a dear aunt, but for a cherished pet dog of the owners of Territorial Seed.


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep. Plant out when the danger of frost has passed. Excellent results when grown on landscape cloth, which suppresses weeds and makes collecting the fruits easier.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Plant Spacing: 12-18”
Days to Maturity: 70
Fruit Size at Maturity: ½ - ¾ “

https://www.seedsavers.org/site/img/seo-images/0825-gold-medal-tomato.jpg

TOM-02 Gold Medal Tomato

 

Item Details: From Ohio tomato collector, Ben Quisenberry, who described it in his 1976 catalog: “The sweetest tomato you ever tasted. The yellow flesh with streaks of red makes them very attractive and a gourmet’s joy when sliced.” Winner of the 2008 SSE Tomato Tasting. Very flavorful. Indeterminate - Fruit ripens throughout the season.

 

Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep, six weeks before last frost. Tomatoes are sensitive to freezing temperatures, so wait to transplant outdoors until the soil is warm.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing between Plants: 24-36"
Days to Maturity: 75-90
Support: Cage or stake

TOM-54 Moskvich Tomato


Item Details: High quality, early season red heirloom slicer that rivals hybrids. Fruits are round to slightly flattened with deep red color and luscious, rich flavor. Great eaten fresh or processed. Highly resistant to cracking, making it a great pick for the greenhouse. Like all Russian tomatoes it can stand up to cool conditions. Semi-determinate.


Instructions: Prefers moderately fertile soil. Start 6-8 weeks before planting date. Optimal soil for germination is 75-85 degrees. Set transplants out after danger of frost has passed. Harvest fully ripe for best flavor.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing in Row: 12-24"
Days to Maturity: 60
Height at Maturity: 3’
Fruit Size at Maturity: 4-6 oz
Support: Cage, stake, or trellis

TOM-67 Oma’s Orange Tomato


Item Details: The delicious, dark-orange flesh of this large beefsteak tomato has a great balance of sweetness and acidity. Juicy fruits mature mid-season, weigh a half to full pound, and measure 3-4.5"" wide. Tall, indeterminate plants grow 5-6' tall and bear fruit singly or in a cluster of 1-3. Betty Moore of Stow, Ohio, has stewarded this variety since 1983, when she received it from her mother, Oma Rachel Lively Miller, who was given the variety from a relative circa 1937 when she married.


Instructions: Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep. Tomatoes are sensitive to freezing temperatures, so wait to transplant outdoors until the soil is warm. Plant in full sun.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing: 24-36”
Days to Maturity: 75-80
Height at Maturity: 5-6’
Frost Hardy: N
Support: Cage, stake, or trellis
 

TOM-32 Pruden's Purple Tomato


Item Details: Large beefsteak. Rivals Brandywine as the best flavored heirloom tomato with silky texture. Known for its very own distinct sweet and tangy heirloom flavor. Pruden's is not really purple, but rather a deep pink with slight shoulder ribbing. Fruits are large, often close to 1 lb each, but smaller with a more refined shape than Brandywine and without the hard core. Plants have potato-shaped leaves. A great choice for new gardeners looking for a dependable heirloom beefsteak tomato.


Instructions: Start tomato seeds inside at least 6 weeks before last frost. Ideal temperature for germination is 85°  (use a heating mat). Once leaves appear, grow plants at 72°. Plant seedlings outside late May into fertile garden soil. To prevent blight, keep foliage dry by 1) Pruning tomato plants to allow for good air circulation 2) Water with drip irrigation/soaker hoses.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Spacing Apart: 24"
Days to Maturity: 72
Fruit Size: 12-16 oz
Height at Maturity: 4’
Support: Cage, stake or trellis

TOM-65 San Marzano Paste Tomato


Item Details: Classic Italian favorite with high yields; excellent richly flavored tomato for preserving. Prized for its firm pulp, low seed count and easily-removed skin. Medium-sized fruits are slightly larger than Roma VF but smaller than Gilbertie and Amish. Resists cracking and holds well both on the vine and in storage. Heavy yields.


Instructions: Start seeds 6-8 weeks before planting date. Days to maturity are from transplants. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 75-85°F; seeds in colder situations will germinate very slowly. Do not start too early; transplants will suffer if allowed to become root bound and leggy. Harden off transplants by reducing water and nitrogen fertilizer. Transplant outdoors after danger of frost has passed. Tomatoes yield best in clay or loam soils that are well drained and high in organic matter. Use a high phosphorus fertilizer for transplants. Take care not to over-fertilize with Nitrogen as this can result in more foliage but lower yields. Harvest tomatoes fully ripe for best flavor. Tomatoes can also be harvested green or at first blush and ripened off the vine at temperatures above 70°F. Store between 55° - 70°F at 95% relative humidity. Storing below 50°F can result in chilling damage.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 7-14
Planting Depth: 1/8-1/4”
Plant Height: 4 feet
Plant Spacing: 12-24"
Days to Maturity: 80

TOM-23 Tasty Evergreen Tomato


Item Details: One of the best green-when-ripe tomatoes we’ve tried. Introduced in northwest Ohio in 1958 by Gleckler’s. Beefsteak type tomato. Skin ripens to contrasting stripes of yellow on lime green. Flesh is a sea-foam green. Plants have medium vigor and benefit from extra organic matter added to the soil. Savory, rich flavor that balances salt and tart with a hint of smokiness. Very juicy, but holds together well when sliced. Great sliced on sandwiches, crackers, or tossed in a salad. When cooked, adds a rich, distinct flavor to dishes.


Instructions: Give the plants a little bit of TLC to prevent disease and cracking, and they will reward you with luscious fruit. Start tomato seeds inside at least 6 weeks before last frost. Ideal temperature for germination is 85°  (use a heating mat). Once leaves appear, grow plants at 72°. Plant seedlings outside late May into fertile garden soil (with lots of compost or decomposed manure). Tomatoes are susceptible to several fungal diseases (including Early and Late Blight and Verticillium Wilt). To prevent blight, keep foliage dry by 1) Pruning tomato plants to allow for good air circulation 2) Water with drip irrigation/soaker hoses. Crop rotation is also key to preventing tomato diseases. Ideally, plant tomato plants in a spot that has not had any Solanaceae crops (tomato, peppers, eggplant, potatoes) growing there for 4 years. Frequent watering will help to minimize cracking of tomatoes. Plants are potato-leaved. Harvest when fully pink-red and fruit is somewhat soft when squeezed but before they crack or begin to rot on the vine.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 5-14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Space Apart: 24-36"
Days to Maturity: 75 from transplant
Height at Maturity: Stake plants
Size at Maturity: 3-4” diameter
 

TOM-64 Purple de Milpa


Item Details: The tomatillo that grows wild in Mexican cornfields. Very small (¾") purple-tinged fruits borne on 3-4' tall plants. Fruit typically does not burst through husk when ripe. Sharp flavor preferred by some cooks over other tomatillos. Make sure to remove the papery husk on these fruits before storing them in the refrigerator.


Instructions: Culture is very similar to tomatoes. Sow seeds indoors ¼" deep. Transplant outdoors when soil has warmed. Plants are self- supporting, but sprawl over a large area. Cage or trellis when space is limited.

 

Sun Preference: Full sun
Days to Germination: 14
Planting Depth: 1/4”
Plant Spacing: 24-36” apart
Days to Maturity: 70-90
Plant Size at Maturity: 3-4’
Fruit Size at Maturity: ¾”
Support: Cage or trellis when space is limited

TOM-39 Toma Verde Tomatillo

Item Details: Early variety with tart flavor when young, becoming sweeter as it ripens. Medium to large size fruits are ready to harvest when husks split and fruit color changes from a yellow green to medium green. Perfect for Salsa Verde or as a special addition to any Mexican dish.

Instructions: Tomatoes yield best in clay or loam soils that are well drained and high in organic matter. Start seeds 6-8 weeks before planting date. Optimal soil temperature for germination is 75-85°F; seeds in colder situations will germinate very slowly. Do not start too early; transplants will suffer if allowed to become root bound and leggy. Harden off transplants by reducing water. Transplant outdoors after danger of frost has passed.

Sun Preference: Full sun
Planting Depth: 1/8-1/4”
Spacing around Plant: 24-36"
Days to Maturity: 60 from transplant