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How to Cite Your Resources: AMA style

This guide will help with citing your sources and creating a bibliography.

AMA style books

Electronic manual for AMA style

Citation Builders

AMA Style basics

The style recommended by the American Medical Association (AMA) is often used in biomedical research, medicine, nursing, dentistry and some related fields of biology.

  • In the AMA style, references to a work or parts of a work inside the text of a paper take the form of numbered citations. Only the number appears in the text itself. The citations are listed at the end of the paper in the order that they appear in the text, not alphabetical order.
  • Authors are listed by there last names and first name initial only - example Drazner, MH
  • Journal titles should be abbreviated - example J Am Med Dir Assoc. To find the standard abbreviations, see box below.
  • AMA has accepted the use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) in citations.  These are used in place of URLs.  When citing references with DOIs, you do not need to include the date when an item was accessed. 


AMA Standards for journal abbreviations

Common examples of AMA Style

Journal articles

Van Gijn J, Kerr RS, Rinkel GJE. Subarachnoid haemorrhage. Lancet. 2007;369(9558):306-318.

Sehgal S, Drazner MH. Left ventricular geometry: does shape matter? Am Heart J. 2007;153(2):153-155.

Newspaper articles

Overbye D. A philanthropist of science seeks to be its next Nobel. New York Times. April 19, 2005:D1, D4.


Hill, J, Courtenay, M. Prescribing in Diabetes. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press; 2008.

Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 31st ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.


Interim guidance for 2009 H1N1 flu (swine flu): taking care of a sick person in your home. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. H1N1flu/guidance_homecare.htm. Published October 23, 2009. Accessed  November 9, 2009.

Library Database

There is no such category in AMA citation style. An article retrieved from a library database should be cited as a print article if it exists in that format and is equivalent to the full-text article being used.